JUSTIFICATION OF THE PROJECT
Urban areas in Burkina Faso follow the example of the other African urban areas which have been undergoing increasing population explosion brought about, among other things, by rural exodus linked to deteriorated living conditions in countryside. Population growth in African cities poses enormous problems such as meeting the needs of youth. These needs include education, health, employment and, in particular, vocational training.
In Burkina Faso, the population of Ouagadougou is estimated at approximately 2 million inhabitants. According to forecasts, the city’s population may jump to 2,5 million inhabitants before 2015, at current urbanization rates of about 3,5 %. In light of this mushrooming population and urban poverty, the issue of education will become increasing urgent. Already, most cities must deal with an inflated workforce, overloaded classrooms, schools that do not meet up to needs and teacher scarcity. Hundreds of young people are excluded from normal educational cycles, whether due to lack of familial means or the simple unavailability of a place.
Aware of these problems and their gravity, the government of the Burkina searches for all possible collaborations to improve the country´s educational possibilities. In this case, it cedes the premises of the Dapoya elementary school for the realization of evening classes, rent-free.
It is in this context that the SINI NYASSIGUI association, aware of the real dangers of Burking population problems and their implications for the future of the youth through this most vulnerable arena, has decided to conduct its action. Thus, the aim of the project is to aid unschooled children, those who have been excluded from the classic educational system. The reasons for allowing for “evening classes” are as follows:
First of all, this "night" school is situated in one of the poorest districts of the capital (DAPOYA), most of whose inhabitants are natives rather than immigrants. The latter tend to have a more combative attitude toward misery, since they have come to seek their fortune in the capital. But people at DAPOYA do not seem to share this spirit. On the contrary, they are resigned to their fate, especially since few investments have been made in their district, soon to be razed and to transformed into a ZACA (Area of Commercial and Administrative activities). Thus, rates of deprived children who have been excluded from the classic schooling system have risen significantly.
Furthermore, Sini Nyassigui is also involved in the another school, the Joan of Arc Secondary school, a " day school " in ZONGO, an agricultural village which is 20 km from Ouagadougou, on the Dioulasso road. There, relatively well-off districts coexist with extremely poor districts, yet their separation -through processes of urban sub-division - is currently underway. As in other places, those who are most deprived discontinue their studies after having finished primary school and obtaining their Certificate of Primary Studies. This is why Sini Nyassigui has decided to grant scholarships to a number of children in these districts, chosen on the basis of good grades. These scholarships cover the cost of their studies, including books, and assistance for the purchase bags of rice to help their families feed them.
In both cases (DAPOYA and ZONGO), it is not simply a question of contributing toward the education of the most deprived young people, but of supplying the necessary means for those who have demonstrated the will to surmount problems and to triumph over adversity.